Holiday Readings at

Holiday Readings at

Mathematical constants are the foundtation of all mathematics and define the universe around us.


Mathematical constants are the foundation of all mathematics. The values pi (π) and epsilon (ε) are probably the most important of these constants and are used in a variety of fields such as physics and economics. Because of their usefulness, these constants will be covered in detail in the following pages.

A third constant that is found extensively in nature, is the value phi (Φ). This constant appears to have significant meaning in the world around us, especially in biology. Unlike the constants pi and epsilon, which have concrete reasons to exist, the constant phi has no known reason to exist — yet it does. Many believe the reoccurance of this value and the number sequences leading to it are proof of the existence of God. It does give one reason to ponder the mathematical nature of the universe we live in.

  Constants: Pi (π)